History of the Russian Language

Being the official language of Russia, Russian is also the first language the other countries such as the Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. Russian is known to be a Slavic language, belonging to the Indo-European family. It comes close to Ukrainian and Belarusian, the two national languages in the East Slavic group.

It is one of the six official languages of the United Nations and a politically important language of the twentieth century. It is spoken as the primary language by about 160 million citizens of the Russian Federal Republic, including the ones living in the former Soviet Republics. Today, Russian competes with English, Chinese and Spanish as one of the major languages of the world.

Russian’s word-formation, literary style, inflexions and basic vocabulary, to some extent, have been influenced by the English, Greek, German, Latin and French.

The Russian script is written in Cyrillic alphabet, based on the Greek alphabet by combining several letters borrowed from Hebrew. Russian is mainly a phonetic language with 6 dissimilar cases. This makes the ending of the words vary as per their syntactical function in the sentence, thereby making the order of the word highly flexible.

The policy for the languages of different ethnic groups varied under the Soviet rule, although each of the constituent republics had their own official language. Russian language became the governing language of the Russian Empire and also of the Soviet Union.

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